A woman with a skin issue as a result of bath salt addiction

Bath salts are a new synthetic drug that has been showing up around the country since approximately 2010. At their peak, bath salts were responsible for approximately 23,000 emergency room visits in a single year. (1)

Here we take a look at what bath salts are and the effects of bath salt abuse.

What are Bath Salts?

Bath salts primarily contain a class of drug known as synthetic cathinones. Cathinones are amphetamine analogs that are naturally occurring in certain plants. Synthetic cathinones areA woman on bath salts sits in a corner next to bath salts derivatives of these compounds, which for a period of time were legal.

The most commonly abused synthetic cathinones are MDPV, methylone, and mephedrone- all of which have stimulant effects similar to that of cocaine and methamphetamine.

These drugs became known as “bath salts” due to their widespread sale labeled as such to skirt federal laws.

Bath salts can be snorted, ingested, or injected. (2)

What are the effects of Bath Salts?

Bath salts are a stimulant drug that produces different effects depending on which synthetic cathinone is abused.

The following effects are commonly associated with bath salts (3):

  • Extreme paranoia
  • Auditory and visual hallucinations
  • Panic attacks
  • Increased sex drive
  • Excited delirium
  • Extreme agitation and violent behavior
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Dehydration
  • Extreme drug craving

Are Bath Salts addictive?

Bath salts have been shown to be both physically and physiologically addictive. Users report that extreme craving for more of the drug is common when using it.

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Do Bath Salts cause withdrawal?

Bath salt abuse also can lead to physical dependence on the drug, meaning that the user will experience a physical withdrawal syndrome if they stop taking the drug.

The following symptoms are commonly associated with bath salt withdrawal (4):

  • Drug craving
  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Paranoia

Final Note

This article is intended for those considering a new way of life, free of the pain of drug and alcohol addiction. For more information on recovery and anyone seeking help with addiction and substance abuse problems, please call True Recovery at (844) 744-8783 or visit us online.


Sources

  1. https://nabp.pharmacy/bath-salts-linked-to-nearly-23000-emergency-room-visits-in-2011/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23072836
  3. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/synthetic-cathinones-bath-salts#ref
  4. https://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/bath-salts


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