Exploring the Types of One of the Most Frequent Mental Disorders
Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in the world. It is known widely and diagnosed frequently. The words “depression” or “depressed” have cemented themselves in our vernacular, and have taken on various forms. Regardless of how you feel about the term, depression is prevalent and important to address. But depression is more than just “feeling sad”. It’s even more than just feeling so down that you don’t want to do anything. Like all mental illnesses, depression is more complex than most people realize. Depression includes several sub-types, each of which differs in how they affect people. Knowing these types and beginning to normalize them can encourage better treatment and knowledge.
The “classic” form of depression is known as Major Depressive Disorder. MDD presents with sadness, intense feelings of guilt, difficulty sleeping, and fatigue. There are physical symptoms as well, like aches and pains, that can manifest themselves through depression. MDD is more common in women than men, and the National Institute of Mental Health has estimated that 17.3 million adults in the US have experienced an episode of MDD at some point in their lives. MDD is a general form of depression and is a broad diagnosis.
One long-lasting form of depression is Persistent Depressive Disorder. This form of depression is characterized by depressive symptoms lasting for two years. The severity of the low mood is not as intense as other forms, but it does last longer. People suffering from PDD can function in their daily lives but may feel like they rarely experience joy. This type can also affect sleep, appetite, energy, and self-esteem. As with MDD, it is more common in women than men.
Then there is Postpartum and Perinatal Depression. Postpartum is a form of depression that develops in the first year after giving birth. It affects an estimated 80% of mothers. Symptoms will usually appear within a month of giving birth and tend to escalate rapidly. Perinatal is a term used to describe depression formed during pregnancy and after birth.
The last type of depression we are going to touch on is Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features. This is with someone who exhibits all signs of depression, along with psychosis. Someone with psychosis may have false beliefs and delusions. Additionally, they hear or see things that are not happening, like hallucinations. Many symptoms of psychotic depression are related to feelings of guilt, illness, or poverty.
Regardless of the type of depression, it must be taken seriously. Its frequency and prevalence in our society is no reason to sit idly by. If you feel like you are starting to show signs of depression, don’t hesitate to seek help and speak up about what you are feeling. Untreated depression can quickly spiral and cause other mental illnesses to form. Don’t wait until it is too late. There are several treatment options for depression, including therapy. Psychotherapy, primarily cognitive behavioral therapy, has proven to be very successful in treating depression. This kind of treatment is predicated on talking with a doctor to figure out how depression affects you. Then, you and your therapist can develop an appropriate treatment plan. Psychotherapy can help you adjust to your life circumstances, challenge negative thoughts, and develop coping mechanisms. Depression is certainly not the end of the road. It can be treated as long as you seek help when you need it.
Do not let your mental illness get out of control. If you are feeling like you’re developing a condition, seek help. Depression has a wide, sometimes long-lasting reach and has significant impacts on our world. However, that doesn’t mean we have to let it halt us in our tracks. Our lives are more than our depression, and we don’t have to fall by the wayside. Believe in yourself, believe in our systems, and we know that you can find the help you need with a little work. You never have to feel like you are not enough or that you don’t need help. There is nothing wrong with seeking help, and we will make sure you feel as comfortable as possible in our program.
If you, or anyone you know, is struggling with anxiety or mental illness, do not hesitate to contact the team here at True Recovery. Our program, founded in 2014, is built around finding what’s best for you to overcome your addiction. Our facility is located in Newport Beach, California, with our supportive housing located close to our campus in Costa Mesa. Take advantage of the local beaches, nature preserves, and Orange County community while we fight for you. Contact us at (866) 399-6528 or [email protected].